Monday, 15 March
Iím not one for mass emails or getting emotional, but now I have a story to
tell you. Itís my personal story, because I cannot tell it any other way.
Itís about Spain. About the past four days. Hear me out.
At 6:45am GMT (7:45am Spanish time) on 11 March my mother rang me. She was
crying hysterically. For those of you who donít know her, my mother really
really is not the kind to cry hysterically. She fought underground for
democracy in Spain, sheís tough as nails. My mother lives in Valencia. Every
morning she wakes up at 7am, has breakfast (coffee and yogurt) listening to
Radio SER, and then gets a red and white train to go to work. The red and
white trains are a national network of short distance overground trains. On
Thursday 11 March my mother, who fought for democracy and is tough as nails,
could not bring herself to go to work on those trains. The same trains that
had been blown to shreds in Madrid. All she could do was sob, and all I
could do was run to my computer and find the El Pais website to make head
and tail of what she was telling me.
I didnít get any work done on Thursday, and my gratitude is to those members
of exec [the Executive Committee of the Oxford University Student Union -- Ed.) who held a minuteís silence at my request and who continued to feed
me information. I was glued to the El Pais website. The death toll kept
rising. It canít be ETA. ETA wouldnít do that. Not without a warning. The
bombs exploded in the most famous working class neighborhood in Madrid,
where the Communist Party of Spain was founded. ETA would never do that.
Itís not like them, it canít be them. I began to count my friends in Madrid,
and rang them one by one. All okay. All shocked. Most of them being
volunteers and donating blood. Slowly, emails from friends in Spain started
coming in Ė this is mad, I donít understand, why, why?
I didnít sleep on Thursday night. I read every newspaper available online.
Is it Al Qaeda? 911 days since 9/11. The traits begin to be there. Trains
early in the morning targeted at commuters. Much like planes in NY. Bombs
set to go off when the emergency services arrive (thankfully, they didnít go
off because of a fault in the mechanism). A chilling letter to a London
paper from a Muslim fundamentalist group. ETA denies it. ETAís illegalised
political branch (HB) condemns the attacks. It must be Al Qaeda. Why is
no-one from the government saying anything?
Friday morning, wide awake after four hours sleep. I really want to go home
now. I read El Pais in my office and cry. 200 dead. 1500 wounded. The
b*stards put shrapnel next to the bombs to make sure more people were hurt.
Hijos de puta. The government is still sure itís ETA, although they are
looking at the Al Qaeda possibility. Campaigning for the general election
has stopped, but this is quickly becoming an electoral issue. If it was ETA,
the tough line right wing party (Partido Popular, PP) will have the upper
hand. If it was Al Qaeda, the anti-war left wing party (Partido Socialista
Obrero Espanol, PSOE) will get the advantage. Tell us the truth, for the
dead and the wounded, just tell us who did this. Reports start coming in
about fascists taking the streets to condemn all those who are not Spanish
(Basque or "darkies", doesnít matter). Spaniards would never do this to
Spaniards, they shout. My mother rings. She has gone from despair to anger.
She tells me of the pride and dignity of the Spanish people, and of disgust
at the fascists. She also says that there are rumours on the radio that the
government is not telling the truth. The King addresses the nation Ė
dignified, sad and a democrat at heart. It is good to hear him speak.
Friday, 7pm, eleven million Spaniards walk the streets in the pouring rain.
Mostly in deadly silence. I sit on the Oxford Tube and wait for my mother to
ring and tell me the news. Instead, a friend from Valencia rings. Sheís just
come back from the demonstration. Silence, but also angry shouts
occasionally. Against the war. Against ETA. Against Aznar. Against
terrorism. Against lies. For the truth. She says no-one knows where to
channel their anger, and the tension is palpable. I feel the tension. I am
carrying a suitcase on the tube in London. I leave it on the side and sit
down. Three people come over to ask whether the bag is mine. Clearly, there
is tension in London too.
Satruday morning I fly to Spain. I buy El Pais at the first available
opportunity and read it all the way through. The personal stories: a little
girl in a pink coat looking for her mother, a seven month old baby found
alive but dies later, a lad who would be eighteen today and was excited
about voting, a nurse whose boyfriend was amongst the wounded. I am quite
visibly emotional, and the woman next to me puts her hand on my arm. We are
all Madrilenos, she says. Her friendís friend is amongst the wounded. My
friendís brotherís girlfriend is amongst the wounded too. If there are six
degrees of separation from anyone in the world, how many degrees of
separation are there within a country? Not many, it would appear. I read the
Guardian as well Ė the Spanish government is still not confirming whether it
is Al Qaeda or ETA, but the balance of evidence points to Al Qaeda according
to most foreign intelligence services.
The British tourists on a hen night trip to Barcelona really irritate me.
They are all wearing red and drinking gin and tonics, and seem oblivious to
the sombre atmosphere of most Spaniards on this flight.
In Barcelona, my motherís best friend is waiting for me. Sheís asked whether
Iíll take a later train and talk to her for a bit. She lives alone, and has
felt very lonely and scared in the past few days. We sit in a cafeteria in
Barcelona train station. The bustle of Spain is there, but it seems subdued.
Like weíre all dumbed, numbed. We talk about what is happening. She is
another fighter of democracy, and another who is comparing the tension and
fear and lies with the dictatorship. I cannot understand why that is the
reaction of so many of my motherís contemporaries, but I hold her hands and
Train to Valencia. Itís packed. Good to see none of us are scared of trains.
I sit next to a young man listening to the news on the radio. I am
re-reading El Pais. He turns to me and tells me that Radio SER has just
announced that three Moroccans and two Indians have been arrested, but the
government is not saying anything. We both glue our ears to the radio. The
rest of the carriage realises what is going on and hushes. We relay the
news, and soon enough arguments break out. ETA could be working with Al
Qaeda. ETA is trying to confuse us. No, no, this is clearly Al Qaeda. The
consensus is clear Ė the government has got to say something. Finally, the
Home Secretary speaks Ė yes they have arrested them in connection with the
bombing, yes they are Muslim fundamentalists, but it is still not clear
whether it was ETA or Al Qaeda. Like one, the passengers shout in anger.
Itís a cover up.
Arrive in Valencia. My mother hugs me tight and we go home. On the way I see
a group of people beginning to congregate in the main square, in front of
the PPís offices. It smells like direct action to me. I drop my bag at home
and run back to the square. Immediately bump into friends. The plan is to
block the road. And so we do, about three hundred of us. Other people start arriving
soon. Mostly young, but not all. I bump into a teacher from school, and also
into the ex-director of a bank who is a friend of my motherís. There are now
about fifteen hundred people. Silent, hands up in the air, placards reading "Tell us
the truth, murderers, tell us the truth". And then we begin shouting: "Weíre
not all here, weíre missing two hundred", "no to war, no to war", "this is what we
get from a fascist government", and, louder than all the others, "Tomorrow we
vote! Tomorrow we vote". A child in a push chair is sleepy, but looks amused
at the chanting. His mother teaches him the chant and he joins in, clumsily.
The police donít know what to do. They just kind of stand around. And then
the news comes Ė the government is accusing the PSOE of calling the
demonstrations, they are thinking of declaring an emergency and stopping the
election. One step to make this crowd angrier. The angrier we get, the more
tense the police get. It takes one violent shove from a policeman to make
people run away, and then come back relentless. We spend most of the night
like that. More news comes in Ė Radio SER has talked to the Spanish
intelligence services. They have known it was Al-Qaeda for a while, but the
Spanish Home Secretary is refusing to talk to them. A leaked memo shows that
the Spanish Foreign Minister instructed every Spanish ambassador on Friday
to say it was definitely ETA. Donít trust the TV. (After all, the director
of the Spanish national TV has been found guilty of twisting the truth by an
EU court.) Tune in to the French radios. The older members of the crowd
again talk about remembering fascist times. By about 2am more news starts
coming through Ė the Home Secretary has finally acknowledge that they do
know it is Al Qaeda. The electoral commission has thrown out their complaint
that the demonstrations were called by the PSOE and that the election is
The Sunday morning papers are an odd mix of indignation and tragedy. Still
more stories of the dead and wounded in the bombings. But also the tragic
story of a policeman who shot a baker in the Basque Country because the
baker would not put a sign condemning ETA for the terrorist attack on
Madrid. The indignation comes mostly from foreign journalists, notably
someone from the BBC saying that in thirty years in journalism he had never been
put under so much pressure by a government to twist the truth. I take my
mother to vote, and then get a call from a friend. She and her brother told
their parents (PP voters) that they were voting PSOE. Her father called them
both terrorists and they are locked out of home for the day. The two Spains,
again, reminding us of our past. I go to vote with brother and sister and
then my mother gives us all lunch. I then have to take my grandmother to
vote (sheís allowed out of bed for this, she was quite insistent). She walks
very slowly and has forgotten her glasses, she asks whether I can pick out
the right voting card for her. I ask her, with some trepidation, which one
she wants. The PSOE one, if you please. !!!!!!! Eighty two years old, fifty five years a
fascist and she's refused to vote for the past twenty five years because she doesnít
believe in democracy, and now she is voting Socialist. Either she is senile
(a possibility, mind you) or things are changing.
No-one has had any sleep and by 8pm, as polls close, my motherís house is
packed with socialist activists. We are all buzzing, arguing. Each time
Aznar comes on the TV, we boo. Each time Zapatero comes on telly, we clap
and shout. We go quiet when Blair comes on. Silent. And then one of my
motherís friends rather precisely spits on his face. I am afraid Mr Blair
has lost any respect he had in this country. If the rumours are true, he
helped Aznarís cover up of who the terrorists were. And that is a disgrace.
The polls begin to come in, and we are winning. By a lot. I wonít bore you
with a minute by minute account of the count (Iíve gone on for a while
already). Just to say, there are 350 members in the Spanish congress. In
2000 Ė PP: 183 (absolute majority), PSOE: 125. In 2004 Ė PP: 148, PSOE: 164
(simple majority). Thank God, the Virgin Mary and the Holy Grail, says our
next door neighbor.
At about midnight we are outside the PSOEís offices in Valencia. As we wait,
we jump and shout "youíre from the PP if you are not jumping!" All ages
jumping for joy. Zapatero comes out to declare his victory and asks for a
minuteís silence for the victims. Hands up in the air again, we fall silent.
When the PSOEís candidate for Valencia comes out to speak, she is greeted
with three chants: "no to war", "weíre not all here, weíre missing two hundred" and
"Life without Aznar, what joy!" Not sure any of that translates too well. It
was an odd mixture of exhilaration and sorrow. Dignity, respect, anger, joy.
Weíve cried many seas, shouted till we lost our voices and smiled to wash it
This morning the news was hopeful. Esperanza is the word in Spanish. The
PSOE is already talking a language I recognise. Liberty and equality. A
welfare state to be proud of. A law against gender violence. A new approach
to terrorism. And the Spanish troops in Iraq to come home in July unless the
UN takes charge. Someone was looking after Spain yesterday. Spain is
I am absolutely drained from the last few days, and I have no idea how much
sense any of this makes. I needed to write it, and thank you for indulging
me and reading it. I have no doubt that this has been the coming of age of
my generation in Spain. Something was going very seriously wrong for a while
Ė and the massive demonstrations against the war and against educational
reform were a symptom of discontent. The tragedy is that there is no denying
that the massacre in Madrid on 11-M made all this accumulated anger surface
at just the right time. In the face of the dignity of the Spanish people was
the disgraceful attitude to tragedy of the leaders of the PP. Has Al Qaeda
won the elections? I donít know. Perhaps. What I do know is that hundreds of
thousands of young people voted for the first time on Sunday, myself
included. And that we did so with feeling. Today, I heard a lot of people
talking of their government as if it were really, truly theirs. Collective
responsibility. Tragedy and democracy have brought the Spanish people
So please tell your family and friends about this. About what has been
happening in Spain beyond the respectful minuteís silence you all held
today. Tell them.
Viva la democracia.